Caernarfon Castle, situated in Gwynedd, Wales, is a formidable medieval stronghold commissioned by King Edward I in the late 13th century. Strategically positioned along the Menai Strait, the castle boasts polygonal towers and sturdy curtain walls, showcasing the military ingenuity of its architect, Master James of St. George. Functioning both as a defensive bastion and a royal residence, the castle played a crucial role in Edward’s conquest of North Wales. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986, Caernarfon Castle remains a well-preserved testament to medieval military architecture, drawing visitors into the historical narrative of Welsh and English conflicts.



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